1 (of living things) capable of normal growth and development
2 capable of become practical and useful
- the property of being viable; the ability to live or to succeed
- 1904, Hugo DeVries, Species and Varieties, Their Origin by
- Ordinarily these altered organs are sterile, but in some instances a very small quantity of seed is produced, and when testing their viability I succeeded in raising a few plants from them.
- 1980, Jimmy Carter, State of the Union Address
- In making its grants the Endowment will increase its emphasis on techniques which stimulate support for the humanities from non-Federal sources, in order to reinforce our tradition of private philanthropy in this field, and to insure and expand the financial, viability of our cultural institutions and life.
- 1904, Hugo DeVries, Species and Varieties, Their Origin by Mutation
Viability means in general "capacity for survival" and is more specifically used to mean a capacity for living, developing, or germinating under favorable conditions. The word is especially used in the following contexts:
- viability in pregnancy refers to either:
- viability in environmental conservation indicates the ability of a conservation target to persist for many generations or over long time periods.
- viability of cells and tissues in experimental biology refers to the extent to which those cells and tissues are living.
- viability in natural selection denotes the fraction of individuals that survive to a given age.
- viability in economic development indicates the ability of benefits to cover costs in development projects.
viability in Modern Greek (1453-): Βιωσιμότητα
viability in French: Viabilité
acceptability, achievability, actability, activation, adequacy, admissibility, agreeability, animal spirits, animate existence, animation, attainability, being alive, birth, compassability, existence, feasibility, having life, immortality, life, lifetime, liveliness, living, long life, longevity, manageability, maneuverability, manipulatability, negotiability, operability, performability, practicability, practicality, reactivation, realizability, satisfactoriness, spriteliness, sufficiency, superability, surmountability, tenability, tolerability, unexceptionability, unobjectionability, viableness, vitality, vivacity, workability